【英語多読練習】UEFA欧州選手権(EURO)の歴史 – The History of the UEFA European Championship (EURO)



The UEFA European Championship, commonly known as the EURO, is one of the most prestigious football tournaments in the world. Organized by the Union of European Football Associations (UEFA), it has been held every four years since its inception in 1960. The tournament has grown significantly over the decades, showcasing Europe’s best national teams and delivering some of the most memorable moments in football history.


Inception and Early Years

The idea for a European championship was first proposed by Henri Delaunay, the secretary of the French Football Federation, in 1927. However, it wasn’t until 1958 that UEFA adopted the idea and organized the first tournament, which took place in France in 1960. The inaugural tournament featured only four teams: the Soviet Union, Yugoslavia, Czechoslovakia, and France. The Soviet Union won the first championship, defeating Yugoslavia 2-1 in the final.



Expansion and Evolution

The format of the EURO has changed several times throughout its history. The tournament expanded from four teams in 1960 to eight teams in 1980. This expansion allowed more countries to participate, increasing the competition’s prestige and appeal. In 1996, the tournament further expanded to 16 teams, and in 2016, it grew to 24 teams.

Each expansion brought about changes in the qualification process and the tournament’s structure. The group stage was introduced in 1980, replacing the initial knockout format. The current format involves a group stage followed by knockout rounds, including the Round of 16, quarter-finals, semi-finals, and the final.




Memorable Tournaments

Several editions of the EURO have left a lasting impact on football fans:

1. 1984 (France):

France, led by Michel Platini, dominated the tournament, with Platini scoring a record nine goals. France won their first major international trophy by defeating Spain 2-0 in the final.

2. 1992 (Sweden):
Denmark, initially failing to qualify, was invited to replace Yugoslavia due to the latter’s disqualification. Despite being underdogs, Denmark won the tournament by defeating Germany 2-0 in the final.

3. 2004 (Portugal):
Greece shocked the world by winning the EURO, defeating hosts Portugal 1-0 in the final. Their disciplined defensive strategy and teamwork became a hallmark of their unexpected triumph.

4. 2016 (France):
Portugal, led by Cristiano Ronaldo, won their first major international trophy by defeating France 1-0 in the final after extra time. This victory marked a significant milestone for Portuguese football.



1. 1984年(フランス):

2. 1992年(スウェーデン):

3. 2004年(ポルトガル):

4. 2016年(フランス):

Host Nations and Venues

The EURO has been hosted by various countries, either individually or jointly. Some notable hosts include Italy (1968), England (1996), and Austria/Switzerland (2008). The 2020 edition was unique, as it was held across 11 different cities in Europe to celebrate the tournament’s 60th anniversary.



Impact on European Football

The EURO has had a profound impact on European football, providing a platform for emerging talents and established stars to showcase their skills. It has also fostered a sense of unity and competition among European nations, contributing to the development of the sport across the continent.

The tournament has seen the emergence of legendary players like Marco van Basten, Zinedine Zidane, and Andres Iniesta, whose performances have left an indelible mark on football history.




UEFA Euro 2024

UEFA Euro 2024, to be held in Germany, is one of the most anticipated football events, drawing attention from fans across Europe. Here are some key highlights to look forward to:


1. Host Country: Germany

Germany, hosting the tournament for the first time since 1996, will see matches played in 10 cities: Berlin, Munich, Frankfurt, Hamburg, Dortmund, Leipzig, Cologne, Düsseldorf, Stuttgart, and Gelsenkirchen. Each city offers unique cultural and football experiences for fans.



2. Top Teams to Watch

  • Germany: As the host nation, Germany will enjoy strong home support. The team, a mix of young talent and experienced players, is a top contender.
  • France: The 2018 World Cup champions have a formidable squad with strong offense and defense, aiming for another major title.
  • Spain: Looking to reclaim past glory, Spain brings a new generation of talent to the competition.
  • England: Having performed well in recent international tournaments, England is eager to win its first Euro title.


  • ドイツ: 開催国として、ドイツ代表は地元の応援を受ける強力なチームです。若手とベテランが融合したチームは、優勝候補の一角です。
  • フランス: 2018年のワールドカップ優勝国であり、強力な攻撃陣と堅固なディフェンスを持つフランスは再びタイトルを狙います。
  • スペイン: 過去の栄光を取り戻すため、スペインは新たな世代と共に挑みます。
  • イングランド: 近年の国際大会で好成績を収めているイングランドも、初のユーロ制覇を目指します。

3. Star Players

  • Kylian Mbappé (France): Known for his speed and skill, Mbappé is a key player in France’s attack.
  • Kevin De Bruyne (Belgium): As a playmaker, De Bruyne controls Belgium’s midfield with his vision and passing.
  • Phil Foden (England): The young star will have the opportunity to showcase his talent on the big stage.
  • Jamal Musiala (Germany): The Bayern Munich prodigy is expected to play a significant role for Germany.


  • キリアン・エムバペ(フランス): 速さと技術で観客を魅了するエムバペは、フランスの攻撃の要です。
  • ケヴィン・デ・ブライネ(ベルギー): プレイメーカーとして知られるデ・ブライネは、ベルギーの中盤を支配します。
  • フィル・フォーデン(イングランド): 若手のスター選手として、フォーデンはその才能を示す機会を得ています。
  • ジャマル・ムシアラ(ドイツ): バイエルン・ミュンヘンで活躍する若手のムシアラは、ドイツ代表でも重要な役割を果たします。

4. Tournament Format and Schedule

Euro 2024 will feature a group stage, followed by the Round of 16, quarter-finals, semi-finals, and the final. The opening match is on June 14, 2024, and the final will be held on July 14, 2024, at the Olympiastadion in Berlin.



5. Innovations and Rules

The tournament will continue to use VAR (Video Assistant Referee) technology to ensure fair play. Adjustments in tournament format and substitution rules will also be noteworthy.



6. Fan Experience

Germany is known for its rich culture and hospitality, with numerous fan events and festivals planned across the host cities. Beyond watching matches, fans can enjoy sightseeing and local cuisine, enhancing their overall experience.



Euro 2024 promises to be a stage for Europe’s best football, filled with drama and excitement. With Germany as the host, the atmosphere will be electric. The performances of top teams and players, tactical battles, and potential surprises will make this tournament particularly captivating.



The UEFA European Championship remains one of the most anticipated events in the football calendar. Its rich history, thrilling matches, and unforgettable moments continue to captivate fans around the world. As the tournament evolves, it will undoubtedly produce more legendary moments and contribute further to the legacy of European football.



UEFA European Championship History
History of the European Championship
The History of UEFA European Championship
European Championship Overview